Vaasan yliopiston opinnäytteet

Filosofinen tiedekunta, 2012

Filicha, Jemal Ayano

Identity Construction and Conflict Management In A Multicultural Setting: The Case of the Oromo Diaspora in Norway

Ohjaaja/Valvoja (DI):
Dr. Daniel Rellstab (PhD)
Tutkinto:
Filosofian maisteri
Koulutusohjelma:
Master's Degree Programme in Intercultural Studies in Communication and Administration
Tutkielman kieli:
Englanti
Sivumäärä:
108
Identity construction requires the involvement of certain ideas which are right or wrong, desirable or undesirable relying on existing natural metaphors. Therefore, it is difficult to find constant identity in human life due to certain effects of environmental changes and the fluid nature of identity itself.

Identity constructions can comprise indigenous traditional practices of a certain society. The indigenous practices include a conflict management system of a community. Conflict is a natural phenomenon that might happen, due to certain incompatibility among individuals, groups or parties. Thus, to contain a conflict and to ensure peace and harmony within a society, every community follows its conflict arbitrating systems which is based on norms, customs and values.

The study examines the roles that the Oromos are taking to construct their identities. It explores the procedures taken to bring reconciliation among the Oromos in exile, particularly in Norway in line with their current identities in the new multicultural framework. It also scrutinizes the status of the indigenous conflict management (Jaarsummaa) system in exile.

The study has used a qualitative research method by taking a single case study on the Oromo diaspora in Norway. Semi-structured interviews have been carried out with selected individuals who live in the city of Oslo.

The results of the study portray the fluid nature of identities among the Oromos of the study area. They have constructed their identities in various ways. Indeed, there are also some ways of identity purging as well. The result of the indigenous Oromo conflict management also indicates the situation of the system in exile.
Avainsanat:
Oromo, Diaspora, Exile, Identity, Conflict Management, Multiculturalism, Tradition
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