Vaasan yliopiston opinnäytteet

Teknillinen tiedekunta, 2011

Koivuporras, Kari

Enhancing a Neurosurgical Imaging System with a PC-based Video Processing Solution

Ohjaaja/Valvoja (DI):
Petri Välisuo/Jarmo Alander
Tutkinto:
Diplomi-insinööri
Pääaine:
Automaatiotekniikka
Koulutusohjelma:
Sähkö- ja energiatekniikan koulutusohjelma (DI)
Tutkielman kieli:
Englanti
Sivumäärä:
93
This work presents a PC-based prototype video processing application developed to be used with a specific neurosurgical imaging device, the OPMI® PenteroTM operating microscope, in the Department of Neurosurgery of Helsinki University Central Hospital at Töölö, Helsinki. The motivation for implementing the software was the lack of some clinically important features in the imaging system provided by the microscope.

The imaging system is used as an online diagnostic aid during surgery. The microscope has two internal video cameras; one for regular white light imaging and one for near-infrared fluorescence imaging, used for indocyanine green videoangiography. The footage of the microscope’s current imaging mode is accessed via the composite auxiliary output of the device. The microscope also has an external high resolution white light video camera, accessed via a composite output of a separate video hub.

The PC was chosen as the video processing platform for its unparalleled combination of prototyping and high-throughput video processing capabilities. A thorough analysis of the platform and efficient video processing methods was conducted in the thesis and the results were used in the design of the imaging station. The features found feasible during the project were incorporated into a video processing application running on a GNU/Linux distribution Ubuntu. The clinical usefulness of the implemented features was ensured beforehand by consulting the neurosurgeons using the original system.

The most significant shortcomings of the original imaging system were mended in this work. The key features of the developed application include: live streaming, simultaneous streaming and recording, and playing back of upto two video streams. The playback mode provides full media player controls, with a frame-by-frame precision rewinding, in an intuitive and responsive interface. A single view and a side-by-side comparison mode are provided for the streams. The former gives more detail, while the latter can be used, for example, for before-after and anatomic-angiographic comparisons.
Avainsanat:
video processing, PC, neurosurgery, operating microscope
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