Vaasan yliopiston opinnäytteet

Filosofinen tiedekunta, 2010

Atoungha, Rita

International Migration and the Problems Encountered by Migrants as a Result of Movement from West Africa to Finland A Case Study of Migrants from Cameroon .

Ohjaaja/Valvoja (DI):
Christoph Parry and gerald Porter
Filosofian maisteri
Master's Degree Programme in Intercultural Studies in Communication and Administration
Tutkielman kieli:
International migration is a phenomenon affecting any kind of human society in this world, there is a vast amount of theory explicating this world wide fact. Young West Africans started migrating to the developed countries like Britain, France, America and Canada. Today the direction of the migrants who are migrating has changed due to the restrictions placed on visa issuance to the developed countries. The migrants have chosen to travel to South Africa, Asia and to Europe. The most important topics discussed among young Cameroonians is travelling abroad. In the late 70s and the 80s many young citizens were able to find work in Cameroon, interact with colleagues, families and also enjoy their culture, but in the 90s when Cameroon was hit by the economic crisis, followed by a reduction of salaries, the only option was migration.

The main aim of this paper is to find out the problems faced by West Africans when they migrate around the world, especially to Europe and for future potential migrants to be aware of the problems they will face in their country of destination. European countries have their own languages and cultures which are the main problems faced by migrants. The root causes of migration from West Africa to Europe will be discussed, but I will focus my attention on, the problems faced by migrants in their country of destination.

Migration has changed in the past twenty years, which also needs some explanation. This paper focuses on those migrants who have moved to Europe and their problems.

The qualitative method was used for the research and migrants from the selected country will be interviewed using the in-depth interviews to find out how the problems affect their integration into their country of destination. Some respondents have settled in Finland, others are planning to migrate to other countries. The dual labour market theory helps to explain one of the main problems which is unemployment among the migrants. These problems will also prove that their expectations from their countries of origin are not the realities they find in their country of destination. This paper will help potential future migrants to be aware of the problems and be well prepared when they travel abroad or make decisions to migrate.
Migration, Problems, Acculturation, Integration, Cultural Differences, language Acquisition, Changes, Finland, Cameroon.
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