Teknillinen tiedekunta, 2008
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become one of the most important topics in wireless communication during the last decade. WSNs integrates many different technologies such as in hardware, software, data fusion, and applications. Hence, WSNs has received recently special research activities. WSNs have so many applications in different areas such as health-care systems, monitoring and control systems, rescue systems, and military applications. Since WSNs are usually deployed with large numbers of nodes in wide areas, they should be reliable, inexpensive, with very low power consumption, and with high redundancy to preserve the life-time of the whole network.
In this M.Sc. thesis we consider one extremely important research topic in WSNs which is the mobility control. The mobility control is analyzed theoretically as well as with extensive simulations. In the simulation scenarios, static sensor nodes are first randomly deployed to the decided area. Then a reference trajectory for the mobile node is created based on the observed point phenomena, and the network guides the mobile node to move along the trajectory.
A simulation platform called PiccSIM is used to simulate the scenarios. It is developed by the Communication and Control Engineering Groups at Helsinki University of Technology (TKK). The obtained results from these simulations are discussed and analyzed. This work opens the doors for more real applications in this area in the nearby future.